In 15 ml of honey, no nutrients does not meet the criteria to be considered a source, a good source or excellent source of nutrients. Honey contains substantially the same amount of sugar or calories than other sweeteners (white sugar, brown sugar, maple syrup) but due to its sweetening power which is higher, it is an interesting choice because it is eaten in smaller amounts .Also, as it has a lower glycemic index, it remains a better choice for people with diabetes.
Prebiotics are non-carbohydrate by the body that play a role in the balance of intestinal microflora. Honey possibly have a prebiotic effect on the human body by improving the growth, activity and viability of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli intestinal microflora, important bacteria for good health. This effect has been observed in vitro using a fermentation system with faecal bacteria. The prebiotic effect of honey is largely attributable to oligosaccharides, sugars lightweight moléculaire1. Other studies in humans must be done before concluding that a significant effect of honey on intestinal health.
Honey is a food source of antioxydants. The majority of these antioxidants are flavonoids. These interact in neutralizing free radicals from the body, thereby preventing the occurrence of cardiovascular disease, certain cancers and certain neurodegenerative diseases. The amount and type of flavonoid found in honey vary according to florale3 source. Generally, darker honeys, like those from sunflower and buckwheat, contain higher amounts of flavonoids for more pâles4 honeys, as well as greater capacity antioxydante5. Moreover, for the same amount, honey has antioxidant power equivalent to that of most fruits and légumes2,5. By cons, it is rare that one consumes the same amount of vegetables / fruits and honey. However, the assimilation of these flavonoids in the human body have been little studied more research is needed.
Like all products containing carbohydrates, honey has an important cariogenicity. Indeed, it can cause tooth decay as well as cola or white sugar. For against, unlike the latter, honey because, in addition to caries, erosion of enamel, thereby increasing the sensitivity of the teeth and the risk of caries12. It is therefore essential to have good dental hygiene after eating honey. But good dental hygiene is it not important at all times?
Cancer. Few studies have examined the impact of the consumption of honey in relation to cancer. Researchers have shown, however, following a study carried out on cells that honey consumption would provide protection against sein6 cancer. This protection is due to the antioxidant power of honey, so its flavonoid content. Dark honeys are therefore more effective than lighter colored honeys. Despite these very encouraging results, such effects have not been demonstrated in humans. Note, however, that observatory study of over 5,000 women revealed the existence of a direct link between a diet high in sugary foods and sugar diet (including honey) and increased risk of breast cancer . It should be emphasized that against the study did not allow to differentiate the impact of each source of carbohydrates, which prevents drawing conclusions on the role of the only honey. A recent literature review has shown promising effects of honey on the breast, liver and colon. Sure, honey has the capacity to modulate cancer cell proliferation by various mechanism.